The signs of a sleep disorders in children begin to appear from the first months of life and can present in different degrees of severity. Approximately 30% of children may have a sleep problem throughout their lives.
The good news is that the vast majority of these disorders have a treatment; what is important is that parents detect the presence of this condition in time.
To begin, how long should a child sleep?
During the first month of lifeChildren should sleep for 14 to 17 hours each day; they usually stay between one and three hours awake in the middle of each nap. At this stage, the habit of nocturnal sleep has not yet been developed, so sleep periods are variable. Continue reading Children: The 7 tips for a perfect sleep
During the first four months of life
They also sleep between 14 and 17 hours a day, but sleep cycles start to regulate properly. There is already an established routine, but they usually wake up to be fed or when they have some other need.
During the first year
Sleep cycles begin to reduce and oscillate between 14 and 15 hours, divided between day and night. It is the ideal stage to help them create healthy sleep habits, especially at night time.
The first three years
Children of this age require between 12 and 14 hours of sleep. The healthy thing is that they sleep throughout the night and take a little nap in the morning and one in the afternoon.
Between 3 and 6 years
School routines generate changes in the rest routine. In addition to the night’s sleep, many children take a nap a day, for a total of 11 or 12 hours of rest.
Between 7 and 12 years old
9 or 10 hours of sleep are usually enough for children of this age. In general, school life no longer allows naps to be taken during daytime hours.
After 13 years and during adolescence, in theory, between 8 and 10 hours of sleep are required to maintain optimal health, but most often they sleep between 6 and 8 hours.
Signs of a sleep disorders in children
- Excessive drowsiness during the hours of the day
It is a recurring condition among children and adults. It manifests itself in constant fatigue and in the absence of energy to carry out daily activities normally. Drowsiness may be a symptom of sleep apnea, narcolepsy, and restless leg syndrome.
- Problems falling asleep
If your child often complains about not being able to sleep, or it takes a long time to fall asleep, it can be a manifestation of insomnia. The causes of this condition are stress, pain in some part of the body or situations that generate anxiety.
In many cases, they are only a product of the vibrations of the nasal passages, but it is a sign to which attention must be paid because it can be caused by the blockage of the respiratory system. Snoring is the first warning manifestation when it comes to preventing a sleep disorders.
They are images and dreams that make children feel terrified and then not in the ability to go back to sleep easily. They start around three years and can lead to a sleep disorders.
- Night terrors
The difference with nightmares is that during night terrors children do not wake up completely. It is not as scary as a nightmare, but it generates physical symptoms such as sweat, changes in breathing rate and even screaming. Frequently, this is a symptom of a sleep disorders in children.
It occurs especially between 3 and 7 years of age; children can walk, stay with their eyes open and babble unintelligible expressions. They last between 5 to 15 minutes; if they occur, parents should ensure that they have a safe environment to avoid injury.
This is technically known as wetting the bed; It may be due to physical causes, such as bladder problems, but it may also be a consequence of emotional stress; If your child wets the bed frequently and also remains drowsy during the day, it may be the beginning of sleep apnea.
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