Knowing how to avoid diaper rash in babies is one of the most important things that every mother should know (especially first-time mothers). This is a skin disease or rash that manifests in the area covered by the diaper.
Generally, it appears in the lower part of the abdomen, the genitals, the buttocks and the upper portion of the thighs, due to its direct exposure to the contact of irritating substances. This condition is often presented by the baby in its first year of life.
Diagnosis and causes of dermatitis
The diagnosis of dermatitis is made by physical examination. Among the symptoms of this pathology, the appearance of skin lesions in the areas that have direct contact with the diaper stands out. Its main causes are:
- The sensitivity of the baby’s skin to the touch of the diaper.
- Prolonged contact with urine and feces.
- Altered pH of urine and stool.
- Not adequate hygiene.
Tips to avoid diaper rash
If you notice redness of the genital areas and buttocks of your baby, it is because diaper rash is beginning. This condition can be avoided by taking the measurements at the right time. Here are some tips to avoid diaper rash.
1. Wash the intimate area
Wash the area covered by the diaper with plenty of warm water after each change. When carrying out this activity it is recommended not to place soap. In case of need, we can use the neutral pH.
Next, the area should be dried gently and without rubbing. If possible, leave the area outdoors. Avoid using wet cloths that contain alcohol or fragrances very often.
2. Change the diaper
On the other hand, it is very important that you change the diaper frequently, at least every three hours during the day, in cases that only have urine. At night, if possible, change it every 5 hours. Also, keep in mind that it is necessary to change the change every time the baby defecates.
Be careful when placing diapers, make sure it is not too tight. This can rub the child’s skin and cause irritation. At the time of the purchase of the diapers, check the packaging for the components because there are ones for the sensitive or superabsorbent skin.
3. Use protective creams
Apply protective creams in all necessary areas every diaper change. These should be water-based and the components should have an astringent function, such as zinc oxide. These creams form a waterproof layer on the skin.
It is best to apply them after each cleaning of the area, as they serve as a protective barrier between the diaper and the skin. This prevents the appearance of irritations. These can be purchased in pharmacies or supermarkets or you can try homemade recipes.
4. Change the power
It is important that you keep a record of the new foods that the baby consumes, since some of them may give rise to a change in the pH of the feces. If you notice that diaper rash is causing, suspend its use immediately.
It also has the same effect if the baby is breastfeeding. In this case, the mother must keep track of the foods and medicines she consumes. In addition, you should consult with the specialist the moment you can introduce it back into your daily diet.
It is very important to follow the recommendations to avoid diaper rash and prevent the onset of these injuries. Otherwise, they can become infections and often cause discomfort to small children.
5. Do not over-adjust your diaper
Do not put your diaper so tight that it does not allow air to circulate. Loose clothing will better ventilate all the skin under the diaper. For the same reason, also avoid plastic covers and other waterproof materials.
6. Beware of soaps and detergents
If you use cloth diapers, do not wash them with detergents that contain fragrances or use softeners: both can irritate your skin. Wash the diapers in hot water and rinse them twice. You can also add half a cup of vinegar to the water of the first rinse to eliminate the residues of irritating alkaline products.
7. Keep breastfeeding
Breastfeed your baby as long as possible and you must be know to how to preserve breast milk for your baby. Babies fed breast milk have fewer road sweepers, although it is not known why. One of the theories is that the poop of breast milk could be less acidic and less irritate the baby’s skin.
8. Test probiotics
If the doctor prescribes antibiotics to your baby, ask him to prescribe probiotics. These substances encourage the growth of beneficial bacteria in the baby’s intestines, which could reduce the chance of developing chafing.
9. Talk to your caregiver
If you take your baby to a daycare, make sure that the caregivers understand the importance of following these recommendations to prevent diaper rash. For example, if there is a food that causes irritation to your baby, make sure you do not give it, or that you do not use certain soaps if your skin is delicate.
Finally, irritate diaper rash is characteristic in children up to 12 months. There is no direct responsibility on the parents in case your child gets to suffer it.
However, you should follow these tips to prevent your child from suffering from these injuries. Also, if you maintain proper hygiene, you will not need to go to the specialist to apply treatments to heal. Remember it is better to prevent.