Chickenpox is that disease that sounds to many of us as very distant. Because most of us had it when we were little, that suddenly returns to the fore and becomes daily again when having children.
At that time we return to worry about her and the children who have it. At the risk of our children being infected with it. It is a relatively benign disease, although sometimes it can get complicated. As many people have doubts about the disease and treatment, despite being a known disease (request). We are going to offer you this entry today with everything you need to know about chickenpox.
What is chickenpox?
Varicella is a disease caused by a virus called varicella-zoster, very common in childhood, well known to be the cause of plaguing the skin of our small lesions in the form of small blisters or vesicles.
The frequency of complications is not high, but neither can it be said to be minimal, as they can appear in up to 15% of cases (1.5 children in 10, to make it more visible).
As many of you already know, most people affected are children. In fact, about 87% of infections occur in children under the age of 15, which is already, in the bad, the desirable, because the older a person is, the more complications that can result from the disease.
To avoid this, in fact, most countries have included the vaccine in the vaccination calendar at 12 years. If by that time a child has not passed the chicken pox. He is vaccinated to prevent it from becoming an adult (more dangerous if it is also a woman, because of the risk of contracting the disease while pregnant ). Continue reading: 5 Simple relaxation exercises for children
What are the symptoms of chicken pox?
The disease begins with an incubation period ranging from 10 to 21 days, with an average of 14 days. During these days the child can show discomfort and a little fever (signs that do not give clues of anything concrete). After the incubation stage, the rash appears, with numerous lesions (between 250 and 500) of small size.
The lesions appear on the face and trunk, being flat onset. Then appear in more areas of the body (typical also in oral and genital mucosa). And stop being flat to become the aforementioned vesicles or blisters. These blisters dry after a few days, leaving a scab.
The rash itches a lot and you usually have to try to relieve the itching both for comfort and to avoid possible infections in the skin. Once the rash appears, there may be fever, malaise, headache, and loss of appetite.
Is it very contagious?
Chickenpox is very contagious, there are parents who sometimes cannot explain or how their child has been infected, for not remembering any contact with children or adults with chicken pox, for example. It is transmitted through the air thanks to the respiratory droplets that we expel when talking, coughing or sneezing. In addition, it is spread by contact with skin lesions.
When does it start to be contagious and when does it stop being contagious?
A child begins to be potential ” contagious ” of chickenpox when there are a day or two to appear skin lesions (difficult to know, of course). And stops infecting when all lesions are crusted, that is. When there is no in the form of an ampoule with liquid.
What are the possible complications of chickenpox?
The most frequent complications are the bacterial superinfections of the lesions. Which can affect both externally and internally, to muscles and lungs. The same virus can also cause diseases such as varicella pneumonia, encephalitis (a severe infection of the central nervous system) or cerebral infarcts.
Another possible complication, which usually occurs over the years, is the reactivation of the virus that can cause herpes zoster. It is more common in adults, but it can also happen to children and adults.
Can I bathe the child if he has chickenpox?
You can not, you must. A daily bath with a soft gel, since in addition to cooling the skin reduces the risk of bacterial infection of the lesions.
What do I do if it itches a lot?
It is recommended to use calamine lotion with the lesions. If this does not help alleviate itching, it is recommended to give an antihistamine syrup.
What if he has a fever?
If the child has a fever and needs an antipyretic the most suitable is Paracetamol. Aspirin is contraindicated and ibuprofen is usually discouraged. Because there are some studies that associate it with the appearance of other complications (although more recent studies seem to show that there is no danger ).
Can antiviral or antibiotics be used?
Yes, they can be used, but they are usually indicated only in the case of small children and perhaps adolescents. Its effectiveness is not entirely clear when it comes to reducing symptoms. So we must assess the use of these drugs well. Antibiotics do not make sense (because chickenpox is a virus and not a bacterium) unless there is an infection of the lesions.
Is it recommended to vaccinate children with chickenpox?
Yes, it is recommended, to prevent children from contracting the disease. The current regimen consists of two vaccines administered between 12 and 15 months the first, being the second recommended at two months. In my area, it is administered at 12 and 18 months. Although there are parents who prefer to fully immunize as soon as possible. And put it at 12 and 14 months.
As I have already said, if at the age of 12 a child has not passed varicella, the state covers vaccination with both doses.
“Babysleeppositioners” also recommended you to read this aritcle: http://ledmain.com/2017/02/15/guidelines-for-proper-breastfeeding/