Diabetes in children is a chronic disease that is characterized by increased levels of sugar in the blood. The most common in this population is type 1 diabetes, which occurs when the pancreas stops producing the insulin needed to use glucose.
However, to a lesser extent, they can also develop type 2 diabetes, which is when there is insulin production, but it is not enough or the organism cannot use it optimally. What are their triggers? How can you fight?
Solving these questions is very important for all parents. In fact, it is convenient to know how it manifests itself since many of its signals are ignored. Below we share the most relevant aspects and several tips for its treatment.
Causes of diabetes in children
So far there is no exact cause to explain diabetes in children. However, as with other chronic conditions, it is the result of genetic, environmental or biological factors. A child has a higher risk of diabetes if:
- You have a family history of diabetes.
- Take an unhealthy diet, rich in sugars and flours.
- He suffers from overweight or obesity.
- Lead a sedentary lifestyle.
- You have low levels of vitamin D.
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Symptoms of diabetes in children
The clinical manifestations of diabetes in children are usually notorious between five and seven years of age and during puberty. It is essential to identify them and request medical exams, as they are sometimes confused with other common diseases. The symptoms are:
- Sensation of constant thirst
- Changes in urination habits (need to urinate frequently)
- Losses of urine during rest (wetting the bed)
- Constant hunger
- Physical weakness and fatigue
- Irritability (in young children)
- Blurry vision
- Constant fungal infections
- Muscle cramps
- Unexplained weight loss
How to treat diabetes in children
When the doctor has reason to suspect diabetes in children, he proceeds to confirm the diagnosis through a blood test and oral glucose tolerance tests. Once this disease is confirmed, the child must attend regular check-ups.
The treatment for type 1 diabetes is based on the application of insulin injections with doses adapted to each patient. There must also be a control plan for the blood glucose level. If it is type 2 diabetes, diet and exercise can help regulate it.
It is very important to prevent and treat overweight, as it is a risk factor for diabetes and complications. Therefore, regardless of the case, it is essential to improve the lifestyle. Here are some tips to help.
The first recommendation to prevent diabetes in children is to feed them with breast milk in the first six months of life. Although formula can help in certain cases, some contain unnecessary sugars at this stage.
To control and avoid diabetes it is essential to encourage good drinking habits. This moisturizing drink helps to detoxify the body and prevents alterations in the metabolism.
Natural water is the best option to replace sugary drinks.
Increase fruits and vegetables
The diet to fight diabetes in children can vary in each case. However, in general, it is recommended to increase the intake of fruits and vegetables, which represent a significant source of essential nutrients.
Its contribution of dietary fiber, antioxidants and vitamins and minerals helps optimize the use of glucose. It also strengthens the functions of the immune system and decreases the risk of infections and more serious diseases.
Give them whole grains
Although the carbohydrates of the diet should be moderated, the consumption of whole grains is very beneficial. Due to their dietary fiber intake, they improve digestion and prolong satiety. In turn, they raise energy and help the metabolism work faster.
Among the healthiest options we find:
- Integral rice
- Buckwheat or buckwheat
One of the best supports for the treatment of childhood diabetes is physical exercise. Therefore, when the diagnosis is positive, the health professional suggests encouraging any type of sports activity in the child. Some activities can be:
- Play soccer
- Practice swimming
- Walk or run
- Jump the rope
- Do outdoor games
- Go dancing classes
Diabetes in children is a current problem that is increasing, especially when healthy habits are not taught from the early years. Its control is very important since the disease can affect other health problems that deteriorate the quality of life.
We also recommend you to read this article: http://marypwaters.com/2017/12/13/diabetes-the-right-diet-and-sport-to-live-with-peace-of-mind/