Meningitis, a rare but very aggressive disease, which occurs suddenly and can cause death within hours. From 5 to 10 percent of patients die generally in the first 24 to 48 hours after the onset of symptoms.
Anyone can suffer from meningitis, but children under 5 years of age, adolescents, young adults and those over 65 are the groups at greatest risk. We will talk today about this disease to get to know it better, how to prevent it and to be aware of the warning signs.
Meningitis is the inflammation of the membranes that line the brain and spinal cord. It can be caused by a virus, more frequent but less serious, or by a bacterium, which can cause serious consequences such as brain injury, deafness, epilepsy, hydrocephalus or even death.
It is a very contagious disease. The bacteria enter the bloodstream and can affect in two ways, causing meningitis, inflammation of the meninges, and/or sepsis or septicemia, an infection of the entire bloodstream that reaches all organs. Meningitis is the leading cause of death from infection in children and adolescents.
Symptoms of meningitis
Symptoms usually appear quickly, so at the slightest sign of alert, you must go immediately to the hospital.
In case of sepsis, being a generalized infection of all the blood, the person can go from being bad to struggling for his life in a few hours, so the quick action before the smallest symptom is essential. In fact, most deaths could be avoided if an early diagnosis were made. Continue reading: Chickenpox in children | Everything you need to know
Therefore, go to the doctor urgently if you notice any of these symptoms in your child:
- Stiff neck and spine
- Photophobia: sensitivity to light
- An intense headache
- Vomiting in shotguns
- Fever: in men and infants, meningitis is an important cause of fever
- Restless breathing
- Low reaction capacity, decreased state of consciousness
- Cold hands and feet
- Sometimes diarrhea
- Rashes anywhere on the body, microderrames
Can meningitis be prevented?
The bacteria is spread by air and by close contact, for example, through a kiss. Therefore, to prevent infection, they should wash their hands after coughing, sneezing, before eating and when their hands are dirty, and avoid sharing utensils, drinks or anything that can spread the fluids of the nose and throat.
Although the number of meningococcal B strains has been drastically reduced in recent years, babies under twelve months are the most vulnerable group, followed by children between one to four years and adolescents between 15 and 19 years.
The most effective prevention is vaccination. Much of cases, at least in the US, are by the bacteria Neisseria meningitides type C and type B. The vaccine that protects against type B meningococcus, which is the most prevalent in the US, is the Bexsero vaccine. If you want to vaccinate your children you have to buy it at the pharmacy for 106.15 dollars each dose. Although, there is a lack of supplies and it comes with a dropper.
“Babysleeppositioners” also recommend you to read this article: http://calvitaminsuit.com/how-to-take-or-measure-the-temperature-of-the-baby-and-the-child/