The psychologist talks about narcissistic personality disorder in children. What are the characteristics and how a parent should behave?
The concept of narcissism is linked to the famous myth of Narcissus who refusing the love of the enchanting Eco, a nymph was punished and destined to love his image reflected in water and in which, in a moment of total and singular admiration, Drowns. In his place, a flower is born which, in fact, takes his name.
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The specific term was first used by Havelock Hellis (1898) in his masturbation studies to indicate the pleasure of the subject becoming the object of himself. Several studies have happened over the years to emphasize the importance that this notion has for the healthy evolution of personality since the infancy. Freud (1911) speaks of the phases of narcissism:
At the first stage of love itself follows an evolution in which the choice of love object is turned outward and then develops in sound mode. Some blocks during such passages are in pathological characters or “perversions”.
When narcissism develops in a child?
Since the tender age, scenarios strongly affect the development of personality and therefore also the love towards oneself with the realization of good self-esteem. It is quite complex to be able to define perfectly how parental education and investment in terms of expectations and gratification towards their children influence the progression of a narcissistic personality disorder.
The main feature is self-admiration: an exaggerated affection that leads to placing your ego at the center of the world by excluding any kind of empathy towards the other. Tendentially, parents are the main advocates of her manifestation in either healthy or pathological way. Excessive exaltation of their children’s abilities and potential causes them to identify themselves with a grandiose image of themselves, developing arrogance and vanity, perceiving themselves superior to others.
While a lack of specific attention such as gratification, recognition, and praise for any achievements, represses the development of adequate self-esteem, resulting in the inability to define themselves at the same level as others and to recognize their own potentialities.
How do you develop good narcissism in toddlers?
It is absolutely wrong to overlook them and consider them super-children as this self-image, which develops over time, may be inadequate to external demands and especially lead them to suffer because attention towards oneself is stronger than anything else. Keeping this in mind may be difficult in some circumstances because it conflicts with the demands that current society places on the individual by disregarding its emotional and effective peculiarities, and exalting rather power and achievement through social success, also renouncing a personal life Rewarding and serene.
Instead, it would be useful to acknowledge their propensities and to encourage them to follow situations and choices made autonomously by pursuing and realizing an ideal of self-imagined and desired.
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