To prevent a cold in a baby you just have to take into account some basic care. While it is impossible to avoid 100% exposure to viruses, some recommendations can be very useful to minimize the risk, especially on cold days.
It is important to consider that the baby’s immune system is delicate and is not yet fully developed. Therefore, being close to sick people or keeping in risk environments can trigger the characteristic symptoms of this disease.
The most worrisome is that breathing difficulties cause some complications because the baby can not rest well and is susceptible to more careful diseases such as bronchitis or pneumonia. What are the measures to avoid it? Point!
Symptoms to recognize a cold in a baby
The symptoms of a cold in a baby can be similar to those of the flu or other respiratory diseases. However, they usually pass without a high fever and, although they require attention, do not represent something serious. The most common include:
- Transparent mucus that, with the days, acquires a yellowish or greenish color.
- Constant sneezing
- Mild throat pain
- Loss of appetite
- Sleeping problems.
- Restless breathing or wheezing.
- General decay.
- A soft cough
- Diarrhea and vomiting.
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Tips to prevent a cold in a baby
The recommendations to prevent a cold in a baby are easy to apply and have to do with lifestyle. Although they can not avoid all colds, they do manage to reduce the number of infections throughout the year. Here we review the most important ones:
Breastfeeding is one of the best natural solutions to strengthen the defenses of babies. Therefore, constant feeding is key to the prevention of colds. Breast milk contains antibodies that create a barrier against germs.
Avoid contact with patients
To the extent possible, try to prevent the baby from coming into contact with a person with the flu or cold. Since the risk of infection is high, exposure to the same environment can trigger the disease.
Keep the baby warm
Sudden changes in temperature are a risk factor for childhood respiratory diseases. Therefore, to prevent a cold in a baby should maintain a regular temperature, preferably warm. Of course, you should not overcook.
Feed it healthy
If the baby is already at the stage where he can start taking food, he can be given fruits and vegetables as a preventative of diseases. In this particular case, those that provide vitamin C, which is key to immune health, are recommended.
Wash your hands frequently
One of the most effective measures to prevent a cold in a baby is to wash hands constantly, especially before having any contact. Keep in mind that hands touch many surfaces that may contain germs. Therefore, they are a main route of contagion.
Avoid closed places
In times of colds, it is better to avoid closed places such as shopping centers, restaurants or nurseries. The environments of these places facilitate the spread of the virus, since there may be one or several sick people.
Ensure good hydration
During the first six months of life, breast milk or formula ensures optimal hydration. However, after this time, it is essential to incorporate other moisturizing drinks such as water or fruit juices.
Avoid tobacco smoke
The smoke that gives off the cigarette is one of the worst enemies of the respiratory health of babies. Therefore, when parents smoke inside the house there is more risk of colds, bronchitis, and respiratory failure. It is recommended to avoid any exposure to tobacco smoke.
Ventilate the home
The air in the home needs to be “renewed” because it can accumulate harmful particles and viruses that affect health. Consequently, it is essential to open doors and windows several minutes a day and to do a good general hygiene to remove the dust.
A medication without the supervision of the pediatrician can have negative effects on the health of the baby. It is not correct to administer medications at the first sign of a cold. In fact, many professionals suggest other care before resorting to drugs.
Do you notice any of the symptoms of a cold in your baby? Watch it constantly and take the temperature. If there is a fever or any warning signal, consult a doctor.
We also recommend you to read this article: http://calvitaminsuit.com/how-to-take-or-measure-the-temperature-of-the-baby-and-the-child/