To recognize a gifted child or with high intellectual abilities, you have to resort to specialists. However, it is possible to detect important signals that allow parents to recognize them and support them to their full potential.
A gifted child has a different way of being and understanding and processing reality. Their high intellectual capacities can lead them to be misunderstood by the world that surrounds them.
It can often be considered that a child with high academic performance or who is precociously capable of acquiring various and diverse knowledge is a gifted child. However, it is not always so.
Giftedness includes gifts and talents that have to be properly educated so that they can unfold their full potential, for their own benefit and for the entire society, but also be happy children. At this point, parents play a crucial role in recognizing if our child is a gifted child.
What does it mean to be a gifted child?
When talking about High Intellectual Capabilities, as it is increasingly common to call gifted children; in this concept, it includes giftedness, talent, and intellectual precocity.
To simplify the concept and make it more understandable, it is established that a gifted child is one that has an intelligence quotient equal to or greater than 130.
Being a gifted child means enjoying a very superior exceptionality in all areas and skills of intelligence. A child with good school performance, or very talented for the arts or sports, or very early to learn to speak, is not necessarily gifted.
How to recognize if we have a gifted child?
For many parents, it is difficult to have a child that is different from the others. It is a challenge to understand that he is a child, no matter how hard we try, not respond or behave according to the pattern established by the average child of his age.
In fact, a gifted child can also have a very difficult childhood, because he perceives many more information and stimuli than he can manage. The world around him may be incomprehensible, slow and even hostile towards his abilities.
Parents are essential to ensure the development and happiness of a gifted child. For this, it is possible to detect some fundamental characteristics in the home. You also learn about your child physical activity.
A gifted child will acquire intellectual or psychomotor milestones early. They are very demanding babies, who are overstimulated easily.
They raise their heads in the first month of life, they vocalize two different sounds at 45 days old, they say their first words before the year … And also speak before two years old or write before the rest of their classmates.
They are children who handle a precise vocabulary, rich and very broad for their age. Have a prodigious memory, both short and long-term. Learn very quickly and is curious to learn more.
Emotional and sensory hypersensitivity
A gifted child is very emotionally and sensually intense. The emotional intensity baffles the parents, who do not know how to understand the excess of emotionality in their reactions.
He is a child with a low tolerance for frustration, usually exploding in tantrums or huge tantrums. Reacts exaggeratedly to a sad or scary movie. He has a high and intense ability to be empathetic with others. It is not uncommon for them to suffer from depression and anxiety.
Sensory hypersensitivity is little known and less understood. They are children who are bothered by the label of clothes, loud sounds, intense lights …
A gifted child is very creative because he perceives reality differently. It is very imaginative. As the sensory perception is greater than in the rest of the people, many things occur and many solutions to the problems with which it is found.
These children will question authority and norms if they are not argued and do not make sense to them. They will be very good at giving a solution, but even more so asking questions that will leave their parents without answers. They are concerned with existential issues at an early age such as life, death, the existence of God or love.
Have a predilection for cognitive games, puzzles or puzzles. They also opt for construction games that impose increasingly complex challenges.
They are children who are in constant movement. Have a surplus energy and are difficult to exhaust. They are enthusiastic and need to be in physical or cognitive activity.
It is very frequent that they are mistakenly given a diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) because boredom leads them to put the surplus energy into being in motion.
However, they are far from having attention problems. On the contrary, they have a high capacity for concentration when they perform a task of their interest. On the other hand, they can be very distracted if they are not interested.
This term is used by psychologists to describe an uneven evolution in development. Children with high capacity can be preoccupied with existential issues and, in turn, react with a huge tantrum when losing a toy.
It also happens that the gifted child wants to do things that he has thought and imagined, but that he can not do them because his level of motor skills does not allow it because of his age. So we are before children who have an intellectual evolution that does not correspond to their development in other levels, such as emotional or motor skills. This generates great frustrations and impotence.
How to educate a gifted child?
The education system does not always have the capacity to meet the demands of these children, who are seen as a burden or a problem. This can lead to failure, both personally and academically.
Educating a gifted child is not easy since they have a complex temperament: they are distracted, self-critical, perfectionist and competitive. , with a great sense of independence. Therefore, they need that the family and the school are not excessively rigid and open to stimulate their development.
To know if your child has high abilities, you need a complete evaluation by experts. This should include IQ, creativity, life history, and emotional state.
Beyond what the evaluation results say, it values the enormous potential of a gifted child. Far from being a problem, quite the opposite: it is a blessing.