When vomiting in children it is normal to turn on the alerts. Although they do not always originate from a serious illness, it is essential to pay attention so that other complications do not arise due to dehydration.
This symptom can be the result of an intestinal infection, a cold or simple nerves. In fact, it may have its origin in psychological factors, because children learn to vomit to get something they want or get attention.
Regardless of its cause, there are some general measures that can help speed your recovery. Next, we want to review some relevant aspects that should be considered and several cares that facilitate their treatment at home. Pay attention!
What is vomiting?
Vomiting is the violent and spasmodic expulsion of stomach contents through the mouth and nose. Although they were developed as a mechanism to expel ingested poisons from the body, they also appear as a symptom of many diseases.
They should not be confused with regurgitation, which is the powerless ascent of a small amount of food or liquid. This last symptom is quite frequent in babies and is not usually dangerous.
Treating vomiting in children is key to preventing dehydration. While there are not always obvious symptoms, an excessive fluid loss can lead to other complications.
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What are the causes of vomiting in children?
The most frequent cause of vomiting in children is an infection known as gastroenteritis (intestinal flu). Often, when it is caused by this condition, the child may also have episodes of diarrhea. Other possible triggers are:
- Pains or injuries to the head
- Urinary tract infections
- Intestinal obstructions
- Food allergies or poisoning
- Accidental ingestion of a drug or toxic
- Congenital pyloric stenosis (narrowing of the outlet valve of the stomach)
How to act in case of vomiting in children
The first measure to act in case of vomiting in children is to let the stomach rest for a prudent time. Food and beverages should not be given for a period of one or two hours, as this leads to the reappearance of the symptom.
However, if the child has vomited many times, he is likely to feel thirsty and cannot stand for so long. So, in these cases, it is appropriate to provide fluids little by little, every 15 or 30 minutes. What else should be done?
Breastfeeding in the case of babies
Vomiting in babies is frequent and almost never represents something serious. Therefore, it is normal to continue feeding them with breast milk, either directly from the breast or extracted previously. If the vomit reappears after feeding, it is better to breastfeed in smaller amounts, more often.
If vomiting persists or there are signs of dehydration, you may be given an oral rehydration solution. It is not advisable to offer water or infusions, especially if the cause is not established.
Oral rehydration solutions
The oral rehydration solutions are drinks that help replenish the water, sugar, and salts lost through vomiting. In the case of children, it is essential to provide them, since they usually have decompensation and signs of dehydration due to this symptom.
Some examples available in the market are Pedialyte, Enfalyte, and a pediatric electrolyte solution. There are also generic brands that provide the same benefits. In fact, they are available in various flavors and for each age.
How to supply this remedy?
You can use a spoon, syringe or medicine dropper. Of course, if there are no problems in which the child or baby takes it, it can be introduced in the bottle or in a cup. Considering that the child has sensitivity, first one teaspoon (5 ml) is given.
Then, if you accept it, the amount is gradually increased until you reach a maximum of 30 ml (1 ounce) every 5 minutes. It is important that the child take it without worry because swallowing it quickly can trigger more vomiting.
Note: if the vomiting persists it does not mean that the solution does not take effect. The electrolytes provided by the solution continue to be absorbed.
Alternatives to oral rehydration solution
The oral rehydration solution is the most recommended remedy for vomiting in children. However, since some children reject its salty taste, there are some tricks that can facilitate its consumption. If the child does not want to take the solution, he chooses:
- Give it cold or in presentations of ice lollipops or lollipops ( freezie or popsicle )
- Mix it with juice; one part juice and two serum.
- Choose a sports electrolytic beverage from those sold in the market. Although they do not provide the same properties of pharmaceutical solutions, they are used to prevent dehydration.
Avoid sugary drinks
Sweet juices and commercial soft drinks should not be part of the treatment of this symptom. Although their flavor is very attractive, they are heavy for the digestive system and can hinder the control of the underlying cause.
Maintain a healthy diet
The feeding in case of vomiting in children is normal. You can offer any food, even if it is a case of gastroenteritis. Of course, it is best to try to avoid copious or too irritating dishes. Also, it is not convenient to give whole milk or processed products.
Healthy noodle soup
After a few hours of rest, the child can begin to consume healthy foods such as:
- Whole grains
- Broths or soups
- Fruits and vegetables
- Lean meats
- Delayed Dairy Products
Before administering any medication in children it is best to consult with the pediatrician. However, in case of fever and malaise can be used options such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen. Aspirin should not be used unless directed by the doctor.
When the symptom is persistent, the professional may prescribe an antiemetic medication such as ondansetron. These types of treatments are used in a single dose.
In summary, to attend to cases of vomiting in children it is essential to ensure their rest and provide an oral rehydration solution. Any sign of complication or alert will have to be evaluated instantly by a doctor or pediatrician.
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